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Analytical Instrumentation for Laboratory Book Course

Course Duration

5 Days

Course Description

For many years chemical measurement has remained the preserve of the analytical chemist.  In recent years, however, on-line analytical measurement has become an integral part of process control measurement and is increasingly becoming the responsibility of the instrumentation and control technologist. 
As a result, a working knowledge of analytical measurement is now a prerequisite for efficiency in the workplace.  Unfortunately, schoolboy chemistry provides few people with the skills required for the rigours of analytical chemistry as applied to on-line process control.

This workshop, On-line Analytical Instrumentation for Process Control, is specifically tailored for engineers and technicians working within industry who do not have a chemical background and has been designed to take the mystery out of on-line analytical measurement and explain it in terms that are easily understood by the beginner

Course Objective

Designed for both novice and experienced engineers and technicians, this workshop provides an insight into modern on-line analytical instrumentation practices covering the elements of pH, conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, chlorine, IR spectroscopy and chromatography.
Throughout the workshop, participants will learn through active participation using exercises, questionnaires, and practical sessions covering:

  • Process calibration, span and zero
  • Selection guidelines
  • Troubleshooting

Course Certificate

Masters Consultant Certificate will be issued to all attendees upon course completion

Who Should attend?

Specifically tailored for people without a chemical background, this workshop has been designed to take the mystery out of on-line analytical measurement and explain it in terms that are easily understood by the beginner.

  • Automation Engineers
  • Consulting Engineers
  • Design Engineers
  • Electrical Engineers
  • Electricians
  • Installation and Maintenance Technicians
  • Instrument and Process Control Engineers and Technicians
  • Instrument Fitters
  • Maintenance Engineers
  • Mechanical Engineers and Technicians
  • Operations Engineers
  • Process Engineers
  • Process Operators
  • Production Managers
  • Project Managers
  • System Integrators

* Professionals with little to moderate production facility design and/or operations background
* Other professionals who want a better understanding of the subject matter

Course Outline

Basic chemistry

  • Elements, compounds and mixtures
  • Properties of elements
  • Formation of ions
  • Bonding
    • Ionic bonding
    • Covalent bonding
  • Chemical formulae and equations
  • Atomic weight
  • Molar concentrations
  • Acids and bases

Electrochemical cells

  • Electrode potentials
  • Simple voltaic cell
  • Polarization
  • Daniell cell
  • Electrolytic bridges
  • Electrochemical series

pH measurement

  • Definition of pH
  • Measurement of pH
  • The measuring electrode
  • The reference electrode
  • Temperature effect
  • Antimony electrode
  • Sources of errors
  • Calibration

Measurement of Redox

  • Applications
  • Calibration/checking procedure

Conductivity measurement

  • Ionic mobility
  • Cell construction and constant
  • Temperature compensation
  • Conductivity measurement of high purity water
  • 4-electrode sensor
  • Installation
  • Sensor Maintenance
  • Preventative maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Applications

Dissolved oxygen measurement

  • Measuring cells
  • Calibration

Installation and troubleshooting 

  • Electrode maintenance and storage

Chlorine measurement

  • Basic chlorine chemistry
  • Measuring principle and systems
  • Calibration
  • Applications

Turbidity measurement

  • Overview
  • Interaction between light and matter
  • Turbidity designs
  • Absorptiometers
  • Nephelometers
  • Practical systems
  • Calibration
  • Applications


  • Vapour pressure and humidity
  • Partial vapour pressure
  • Relative humidity
  • Hygrometric instruments
  • Wet bulb
  • Sling psychrometer
  • Capacitive sensors
  • Cooled mirror systems
  • Hygrometric calculations

On-line colorimetry and titration

  • Overview of colorimetric method
  • Classic titration method
  • Automated titration

Infrared Spectroscopy

  • Basis principles
  • Identifying compounds
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Beer-Lambert law
  • Sampling methods

Gas chromatography

  • Basis principles
  • The chromatographic column
  • Detectors
  • Sample injection
  • Data processing and presentation
  • Process gas analyzer